Market Entry Blog

International business expansion guidance and advice

Market Entry Blog

Trade Horizons’ Market Entry Blog

Our market entry blog covers a range of topics relating to international business expansion. Articles tackle many different subjects, including the initial planning and preparation stages of growing your business, advances in technology you can take advantage of, through to sales & marketing, packaging and branding advice. Written by leading experts in their field, you’ll be sure to find something of interest and real-world practical advice if you are looking to grow your business around the world.

Latest Articles

#2 August Update: Nigeria FDI decline, Global FDI 2022, London top for expansion, US Climate Bill, Egypt tech sector, SME export

You may have seen the headlines – Nigeria won $223m FDI in the first 5 months of 2022. The real picture, as usual, is a little more complex. Although this figure is up on the 2021 amount in the same period, it is down almost 30% on the same period in 2020. Now whilst global FDI is declining across the board, in 2021 Africa itself reported $44bn increase in 2021 from 2020. West Africa FDI, where Nigeria is located, increased by $5bn from $9bn to $14bn. Whereas Nigeria reported a decline from 2020 to 2021. Predictions for 2022 are dire due to political instability and rising interest rates leading to a loss of benefit for portfolio investors who use arbitrage when interest rates are low at home, to invest in emerging economies. That opportunity now becomes lost because high interest rates in the home country deletes any benefit.

#1 August Update: Technology arbitration, UK FDI, MENA regions, Dubai real estate, UK Visa changes, Spanish digital nomads, Ireland FDI law

Investor state arbitration is when a company claims a breach of a state’s obligation to protect the investment it made when the company entered the country. A claim can be made if a bilateral investment treaty exists between the headquarter country and host country, and in some cases if a free trade agreement exists. If you enter a country that has a bilateral or free trade agreement with your home country, you may be able to enact investor state arbitration if the host country does not fulfil its obligations to you which is cheaper faster and less public than litigation.

#4 July Update: Pakistan, Indonesia, Australia fees, Costa Rica, Kenya fintech Korea cuts tax, EU startup funding

In June 2022 Pakistan has attracted the highest level of FDI since October 2020 according to a report. The results indicate recovery after the pandemic. Pakistan has had a troubled few years what with the latest development Prime Minister Imran Khan forced out of the position to be replaced by the brother of the Pakistan Muslim League-N (PMLN) candidate accused of corruption and the economic crisis including dwindling foreign currency reserves and higher fiscal and current account deficits.

#3 July Update: Chile FDI, Euro FDI crash, Data Reform Bill, Global minimum tax, Sovereign tax changes, Training & innovation linked

The Chilean Central Bank has reported record-breaking FDI levels in the first 6 months of 2022 with levels 66% above the same period in 2020. US$13.7 billion is the highest level ever recorded. Most popular sectors are retail, manufacturing and wholesale. Around 65,000 companies in Chile are financed by foreign capital which equates to around 10%. One United Nations report says that the increase is fuelled by several large acquisitions and renewed interest in mining projects.

July #2 Update: Ireland FDI, Cyprus tax reform, How to fund robotic startups webinar, EU foreign subsidies regulation, UK energy security bill, UAE NextGen FDI, Eu, Africa, India entry

Cyprus has launched an action plan to increase tax certainty and attractiveness to foreign investors. Currently is takes less than 2 weeks to setup a business in Cyprus and open a bank account however the regulatory environment is complex and uncertain, making it a high-risk destination. The country has one of the lowest costs of doing business and is strategically located. The reforms are designed to improve the environment for investors and increase foreign direct investment. The most notable reform regards transfer pricing: the Cypriot Government has recently passed legislation to bring it into line with OECD standards. This development will increase transparency and therefore decrease risk of doing business in Cyprus. Previously, no detailed documentation existed on this topic in particular the arms-length principle.

July #1 Update: National Manufacturing Day, Bahrain diversifies, Lain America FDI, Belgian foreign investment rule changes, Europe outlaws arbitration, Investors exit China, Developing Asia FDI, HSBC £250 startup fund

The first National Manufacturing Day will be held on 7 July. Initiated by MAKE UK, the UK’s Manufacturing industry body, the day will host a number of events nationally hosted by member companies. So far 109 employers have pledged to open their doors to the local community so people can see how things are made, and are hosting their own events including RNLI opening its doors to its Lifeboat Centre in Poole Dorset where lifeboats are manufactured.

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